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You ought to be out raising hell. This is the fighting age. Put on your fighting clothes.
-Mother Jones

Saturday April 16, 1904
From The Labor World: Sec. Haywood Proposes Miners' Exhibition for World's Fair

The Bull Pen
Western Federation Of Miners To Put It On Exhibition.

DENVER, Colo., April 14.-The Colorado authorities are still busy at their self-appointed task of forcing a violent revolution. Charles Moyer, president of the Western Federation of Miners, who was arrested for desecrating the flag because he told of the things which Peabody had done under its protection, was released on bonds on the charge, but no sooner was he given his liberty by the courts than he was seized by the militia and placed in the bull pen on no other grounds than that he was an official of the Miners' Union. Judge Stevens of Grand Junction has granted a writ of habeas corpus, but it remains to be seen if it will be respected by Bell and Wells.

Haywood was arrested in Denver on the flag charge and released on a bond. So anxious, however, are the mine managers to get hold of the officials of the Western Federation of Miners, in the hope of breaking the strike that a detachment of troops have been ordered to Denver for the purpose of taking him in custody. The sheriff of Denver says he does not see how this can be done without declaring martial law in Denver, but, he added, reflectively, "It seems that the militia can do anything nowadays."

The governor has accepted the plans of the mine owners and every leader of the masses is to be deported wherever found. The censorship in Colorado is more rigorous than that at the seat of military maneuvers in the far East. Peabody is making arrangements to hunt the working classes on horseback. The cavalry division of the national guard is shortly to be used in the mountains. He has admitted that his efforts were directed against the Socialist movement.

Secretary Haywood is preparing another poster which will be illustrated and which will contain the favorite sayings of Bell and those others whom the Colorado situation has made infamous. He is also trying for space at the world's fair to be used to exhibit a distinctly Colorado institution, the bull pen and the necessary trimmings, such as a union man chained to a pole and also pictures of some of the stirringly patriotic acts of the national guard in their brutal coercion and general infamous behavior.

Should the site be refused them on the grounds they will make arrangements to display it in the vicinity of the fair and will see that the most characteristically capitalistic institution gets the proper amount of advertisement, so that our brothers of the east will have a clear insight of western conditions.The Mine Owners cannot object to this since it proves that Colorado is a most desirable state for the investor, for nowhere on the map have the authorities gone farther to protect capital than in the Colorado Rockies. Nowhere else have they thrown aside all subterfuge and said to the working class, "You must prostrate yourself before the god of gain or leave the state."

[paragraph breaks added]

The Labor World
(Duluth, Minnesota and Superior, Wisconsin)
-of Apr 16, 1904

Photo: The Bull Pen


Thursday April 16, 1914
Ludlow Tent Colony, Colorado - Senator Robinson Returns, Finds "Feeling of Dread"

Children of Ludlow
Colorado Senator Helen Ring Robinson returned to the strike zone, unannounced, yesterday. She visited the Ludlow Tent Colony where she talked with James Fyler and Louie Tikas, leaders of the Ludlow Colony. The men where somewhat tight-lipped. However, the women of the colony spoke freely about their fears. The Senator reports finding a general "feeling of dread" as the women took her around to the tents and showed her the pits that have been dug beneath the tents where they can hide in case of an attack.

A railroad employee, living nearby, reported to the Senator that the strikers seem "restless and scared all the time, for fear something was going to happen." She also spoke with soldiers who said that they expect the colony will soon be wiped out.

As the militia has been withdrawn, a new troop has been forming, and it is upon this troop, Troop A, that the women's fears are focused. Troop A has been quickly assembled from among the brutal mine guards and pit bosses. They are, reportedly, supplied with arms and paid by the mine operators. They number about 134, perhaps more.

In Berwind Canyon, near to the Ludlow Tent Colony, the dreaded Lt. Linderfelt remains with his company of 34 men. This company, Company B, is also composed mainly of company guards, some of whom have openly bragged that they intend to wipe out the Ludlow Tent Colony.

Discipline is reported to be poor among the few remaining soldiers with drinking and fighting found to be common. They now receive only IOUs from the state instead of paychecks. Soldiers have been observed openly entering the offices of Rockefeller's Colorado Fuel & Iron Company where the dominant coal company in the strike zone makes sure that they are paid promptly and in full. There is no longer any pretense of neutrality from the National Guard under the control of Governor Ammons, Democrat of Colorado.


Buried Unsung
Louis Tikas and the Ludlow Massacre

-by Zeese Papanikolas
U of Utah Press, 1982

Women, Work & Protest
-ed by Ruth Milkman
NY, 1987
Chp. 4 The women of the Colorado Fuel and Iron strike, 1913-14
-by Priscilla Long

Photo: Children of Ludlow

When We Stand Together - Nickelback

One more depending on a prayer
And we all look away
People pretending everywhere
It's just another day...

They tell us everything's alright
And we just go along
How can we fall asleep at night
When something's clearly wrong

           -Kroeger, Kroeger, Peake, & Moi

Originally posted to Hellraisers Journal on Wed Apr 16, 2014 at 11:00 AM PDT.

Also republished by Sexism and Patriarchy, Shamrock American Kossacks, In Support of Labor and Unions, Anti-Capitalist Chat, and History for Kossacks.

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